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Things to know about Skin Cancer for Early Detection and Prevention

Skin cancer is considered as one of the most common types of cancer. If you are one of the skin cancer patients, having knowledge on which skin type you have is more likely an advantage because it can alter your treatment possibilities. Be informed to the signs and symptoms of skin cancer for early prognosis and cure. In this article, you will know what are the risk factors for skin cancer. The information about survival rate and treatments is also tackled.

What is Cancer?

In the simplest terms, cancer implies to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells throughout the body and invade other tissues. These abnormal cells are called cancer cells, malignant cells, or tumor cells.

If the cells have defects or mutations in your DNA it may become cancerous. There are genetically-inherited defects which are the BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. Moreover, infections have the ability to increase the possibility of cancer. Environmental factors and poor lifestyle can cause damage to your DNA and it can lead to cancer.

Difference between Malignant Tumors and Benign Tumors

The abnormal accumulation of cells or dysplasia is called a tumor. It considered to be (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Benign Tumors

Benign tumor lacks the ability to spread around the body which means benign tumors are not considered cancer. Unlike most benign tumors elsewhere in the body, benign brain tumors can be lethal.

Malignant Tumor

Malignant tumors have the ability to spread and invade other tissues. There’s process called metastasis, which is often called the key feature of cancer. There are several types of malignancy based on where a cancer tumor begins.

What is Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer is common and considered as a destructive malignant growth of the skin. It is because of the development of dysplasia (abnormal cells) that have the capacity to spread all over the body.

It is important to know which type of cancer you have because it affects your treatment options and your diagnosis.

Furthermore, there are three main types of skin cancer: namely the basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. The first two example is curable if it was diagnosed and treated early. While melanoma, which comes from the pigment-producing skin cells is not common, however more dangerous than the first two varieties. Surgery or radiation is the most often treatment for skin cancer.

Risk factors for Skin Cancer

There are common risk factors to be considered for skin cancer, including:

  • Exposure to radiation
  • Excessive sun exposure
  • Moles
  • Genetics
  • Sunny or high-altitude climates.
  • Fair skin
  • Skin Lesions
  • Weak immune system
  • A history of sunburns

Can Skin Cancer be hereditary?

Ultraviolet light exposure is mainly the cause of skin cancer meaning to say it is not usually considered to be hereditary. But provided by the fact, skin cancer is much more common with poorly pigmented individuals and that skin complexion is inherited does support the proposition that genetics is very significant. There are some uncommon genetic cases that result in multiple numbers of skin cancers in those affected.

Signs and symptoms of skin cancer for early detection

Early detection of cancer can have a huge difference since it allows more alternative cures. There are signs and symptoms that can be seen but is not always the common cases.

Basal cell carcinomas

Basal cell cancers typically develop in areas exposed to the sun, particularly the face, head, and neck, but they can arise anywhere on the body.

Basal cell carcinomas signs and symptoms include:

  • Growth of glossy pink, red, pearly, or translucent bump
  • Raised growths or lumps, sometimes with a lower area in the center
  • Flat, firm, pale or yellow areas, comparable to scar
  • Raised reddish spots that might be itchy
  • Open sores that don’t heal or that heal and then come back

Squamous cell carcinomas

Squamous cell cancers tend to appear on sun-exposed parts of the body such as the face, ear, neck, lip, and back of the hands. In some other cases, Squamous cell carcinomas may be painful. Less often, they form in the skin of the genital region. It may appear like scars or skin sores elsewhere.

Squamous cell carcinomas signs and symptoms include:

  • Rough or scaly red patches, which might crust or bleed
  • Raised growths or lumps, sometimes with a lower area in the center
  • Open sores that don’t heal for weeks
  • Wart-like developments


Melanoma can be diagnosed with unusual moles, sores, lumps, blemishes, markings or changes of the skin. The important thing to notice as a warning sign of melanoma is when there is a new spot on the skin or a spot that is changing in size, shape, and color.

There is what we call ABCDE rule guide to the signs of melanoma.

Melanoma signs and symptoms include:

  • A stands for Asymmetry: One-half mole or birthmark that don’t equally match.
  • B stands for Border: Uneven edges, ragged, notched, or blurred.
  • C stands for Color: The inconsistency of color and may include various shades of brown or black, rarely with spots of pink, red or blue.
  • D stands for Diameter: Smaller or larger than 6 millimeters spots.
  • E stands for Evolving: Changes in color, size or shape of a mole.

Treatments used for Skin Cancer

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Systemic chemotherapy (chemo)
  • Targeted therapy or molecularly targeted therapy

Kinds of Doctors who treat Skin Cancer

  • Dermatologist
  • Oncologic Surgeon
  • Radiation oncologist
  • Medical oncologist

Survival Rate for Skin Cancer

Nonmelanoma skin cancer with early diagnosis is generally excellent. Doctors can cure most people with basal and squamous cell carcinoma. Meaning to say people rarely die from this type of cancer.

Early findings of skin cancer have higher chance to have better outcomes. It is important to know your skin, and if you are doubtful in any mole in your body, go and see a dermatologist immediately for a check-up. Having awareness is important in order to prevent skin cancer.

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